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Albanian Videos

Albanian video lessons.

We are showing some Albanian video lessons. The following videos will help you in your Albanian learning process. Enjoy learning Albanian!

Body parts in Albanian.

Albanian food vocabulary.

Vocabulary “insects’ in Albanian language.

How to say fruits in Albanian?

The weather in Albanian language.

How to say seasons in Albanian?

How to say the days of the week in Albanian?

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Albanian negation

Learning the Albanian Negation is very essential because its structure is used in every day discussion. The more you use the subject, the nearer you get to perfecting the Albanian language. But initially we need to know what the part of Negation is in the structure of the grammar in Albanian.
Albanian negation is the process that changes an positive sentence (I am sad) into negative (I am not sad).Grammar Tips:

In Albanian, negation can be created basically by putting “Jo” before the verb. But sometimes a double negative is needed. “jo (no) and nuk (not)” is the most typical negative form.

For example:
Nuk mund ta shkoj atje (I can’t go there).
Unë nuk dua asgjë nga ti (I don’t want anything from you – so we have Double Negative in this sentence).

The double Negation is also here:

Jo nuk pelqej të shkoj atje! – I don’t like to go there!
Nuk më pëlqen/Nuk e dua. (I don’t like it)

A negative sentence is made by adding the adverb nuk or s’ in front of the verb. There is no any difference between nuk and s’ they both mean NOT in English.

Note:
In Albanian there are 3 methods of negative form and they are:

jo, (no);  nuk / s’ (not)

“A” nuk ka ai makinë të re? or sometimes we remove “A”, just we say: Nuk ka ai makinë të re? (He hasn’t a new car) or with s’
Ai s’ka makinë të re. (He hasn’t a new car)

English negation      Albanian negation
Negation  Mohore
she is not there
ajo nuk është atje
this is not yours
kjo nuk është e jotje
I don’t go
unë nuk shkoj
he isn’t here ai nuk është këtu

List of Negation in Albanian

Down below is a listing of the Negation and negative expressions in Albanian. Trying to remember this table will help you add a very useful and essential words to your Albanian vocabulary.

Also in Albanian if we place the negative adverb NOT in front of a verb but that verb is subjunctive mood then it will be the word “mos” (not)

For example:
Don’t smoke! – Mos pi duhan!
Don’t go there – Mos shko atje.

English negation  Albanian negation
do not enter mos hyr
 I don’t speak unë nuk flas
he don’t drink  
    ai nuk pi
she doesn’t drive
 ajo nuk vozit
we don’t write ne nuk shkruajmë
they don’t sleep  
ata nuk flejnë
she doesn’t love  ajo nuk dashuron
Albanian plural

Learning the Albanian plural is very essential because its structure is used in every day discussion. But first we need to know what is the role of Plural is in the structure of the Albanian Grammar.
Albanian Plurals are grammatical numbers, generally talking about more than one of the referent in actual world. In the English, sing. and plural are the only grammatical numbers.

Grammar Tips:

While in English, the plural is founded by including (s) to the singular. In Albanian language, to form the plural of nouns we add endings.

The plural is formed adding the endings / suffix: , -ë, -a,-e, ër, – ra – t, -nj.

For Example:

punëtor-ë (workers),
dardh-a (pears),
mal-e (mountains),
prind-ër (parents),
fshat-ra (villages),
flori-nj (golds)

Also changing the stem of the noun, from  – k, to –q ; from – a to – e, or from – g to -gj.

For Example:

plak (old man)- pleq (old men),
mik (guest)- miq (guests),
natë (night)- net (nights),
zog (bird), zogj (birds).

We have some nouns that they are used only in Singular.

For Example:

rini-a (youth),
popullsi-a (population),
arsim-i (education)

Also the nouns that are special nouns and the are written with capital letters.

For Example:

Shqipëri-a (Albania),
Adriatik-u (Adriatic sea).

Also we have some other nouns that they are used only in Plural.

For Example:

pantallona-t (pants),
syze-t (glasses).

The masculine noun that creates the plural with ending: – e in this number it changes the gender, giving the adjective that is located after the noun, the feminine gender.

For Example:

(Singular)- Ky mal i lartë     (This high mountain)
(Plural)- Këto male të larta (These high mountains)

English Plural      Albanian Plural
Plural  Shumës
my phone telefoni im
my phones telefonët e mi
our daughter vajza jonë
first love dashuria e parë
Albanian verbs

Learning the Albanian verbs is very necessary because its structure is used in every day discussion. The more you exercise the subject, the nearer you get to perfecting the language. But we need to know what is the role of Albanian verbs is in the structure of the Albanian grammar.
Albanian verbs are words that express activity (walk, study, sleep, jump), or a state of being (exist, stand). In most ‘languages’ a verb may agree the gender, person or / and number of some of its argument, such as its subject, object.
Grammar Tips:

Present Tense

In Albanian, verbs get the following ending to form the present tense in indicative mood:

For singular: -j , -n, -n
For plural: – jmë, :-ni, -jnë

Example: to learn- mësoj

Singular Plural
 Unë  mëso-j Ne mëso-jmë
 Ti mëso-n Ju mëso-ni
 Ai/ajo mëso-n Ata/ato mëso-jnë

These endings can help you, because with them you can conjugate most verbs into the present tense which belong to first type of conjugation. You only need the stem (rrënja) of the verb, for example the stem of (mësoj: to learn) is (mëso-j).

Past Tense

In Albanian as well as in English the simple past tense (imperfect) is used to explain past activities. The endings for the last tense verbs are:

For singular: – va, -ve, -i
For plural:      -më, -të, -në. (-am, -at, -an)

For example : to learn – mësoj

Unë mëso-va  Ne mësu-am
 Ti mëso-ve   Ju mësu-at
 Ai/ajo mëso-i     Ata/ato mësu-ën

Note:

In Albanian language verbs are different from English language, so as you see in the given above verbs! We have more rules & endings and different type of conjugation of each verb.
So just take any regular verb and add it to the ending above, for example our verb mesoj (to learn), its stem is “meso”, plus the ending above becomes unë meso-va (I learned).

Future Tense

To form the future in Albanian it’s very simple, just use the whole infinitive verb plus these following endings:

For singular: -j, -sh, -jë
For plural: -jmë, -ni, jnë

This is very similar to the future tense of English. It is founded by placing ‘do të’ – “will”  before a verb.

Example: to learn- mësoj

Singular Plural
 Unë  do të mëso-j Ne do të mëso-jmë
 Ti do të mëso-sh Ju do të mëso-ni
 Ai/ajo do të mëso-jë Ata/ato do të mëso-jnë

If you would like to conjugate online any Albanian verb you can visit: www.verbix.com/languages/albanian.shtml

You can listen the conjugation of the verb “to be” in Albanian language. Enjoy the rest of this Albanian lesson!

Below it’s another video lesson for verb “to have” in Albanian. Listen how to conjugate it.

Albanian adverbs

If you’re trying to learn Albanian Adverbs you will find some useful sources along with a course about Adverbs of time, place and manner which can help you with your Albanian sentence structure. Try to focus on the class and notice the pattern that happens everytime the word changes its position.

Studying the Albanian Adverbs is very essential because its structure is used in every day discussion. The more you exercise the topic, the nearer you get to perfecting the Albanian. But first we want to know what is the role of Adverbs is in the structure of the Albanian grammar. Albanian adverbs are element of conversation. Usually they’re words that change any aspect of language other than a noun. Adverbs can change verbs, adjectives (including numbers), sentences, phrases and other adverbs.

Grammar Tips:

While in English the adverbs are usually founded by including (-ly) to adjectives. In Albanian many adverbs are established from adjectives, basically by including the suffix -shëm to the sing. fem. form adjectives. Illustrations:

i/e ngadaltë (slow) it becomes ngadalshëm (slowly)
i, e lirë (free) it becomes lirshëm (freely)

However that is not always the scenario. Some words are adverbs by characteristics.
e.g.  Tash/tani (now), vërtet (really), and së shpejti (soon) are all Albanian adverbs.

 English Adverbs Albanian Adverbs
adverbs     ndjafoljet
 I watch TV sometimes    Unë shikoj TV ndonjëherë
 I will never eat pork Unë kurrë nuk do të ha derr
 Are you alone? Je vetëm?

As you can see from the above illustrations, the structure of the Adverbs in Albanian has a logic. Identify the Adverbs above and see how it performs with the rest of the phrases in Albanian.

List of Adverbs in Albanian.

Below is a list of the Adverbs of Time, Place, Manner and the Frequency in Albanian placed in a structure . Trying to remember this list because it will help you add use the right Albanian vocabulary.

English Adverbs  Albanian Adverbs
 adverbs of time    ndajfoljet e kohës
 today sot
 tomorrow     nesër
 yesturday  dje
 adverbs of place      ndajfoljet e vendit
 here     këtu
 there  atje
outside  jashtë
 adverbs of manner    ndajfoljet e mënyrës
 very     shumë
 quickly  shpejt
 well  mirë
 adverbs of frequency ndjafoljet e shpeshtësisë
 always     gjithmonë
 rarely rrallë
 usually      zakonisht
Albanian vocabulary

Learning the Albanian vocabulary is very necessary because its structure is used in every day chat. The more you exercise the subject, the closer you get to perfecting the Albanian.  Also we need to know what is the role of Vocabulary in the structure of the Albanian grammar.
Albanian vocabulary is the set of words you should be knowledgeable with. A vocabulary normally develops and evolves with age, and servers as a useful and essential tool for conversation and learning.Here are some instances:

English Vocabulary  Albanian Vocabulary
vocabulary fjalorë
 language gjuhë
 Albanian   
    shqip
 English  anglisht
Spanish spanjisht
 German   
    gjermanisht
 country  vend
Albania
 Shqipëri
America Amerikë
 England   
    Angli
Canada  Kanada
 Australia  Australi
time kohë
 hour   
    orë
 second sekondë
 minute   
     minutë

Below we are showing some Albanian video lesson with Albanian vocabulary. Enjoy the rest of this lesson!

Animals Vocabulary.

Clothing vocabulary in Albanian.

School vocabulary in Albanian.

Albanian questions

Learning the Albanian Questions is very essential because its structure is used in every day discussion. The more you work out this, the closer you get to mastering the Albanian. Also we need to know what is the role of questions in the framework of the grammar in Albanian.
Albanian questions might be either a linguistic expression used to create a demand for information, or else the request itself created by such an expression.

Grammar Tips:

In Albanian there are 4 methods of asking a question to get a “yes” or “no” answer please see the following:

-Verb + pronoun: As opposed to English, the auxiliaries do and does are not used.
Example: Ka ai makinë të re? (Does he has a new car?)

-Pronoun + verb: Only the intonation can make the sentence interrogative:
Example: Ai ka makinë të re? (Does he has a new car?)

-Verb + pronoun. The pronoun goes last.
Example: Ka makinë të re ai? (Does he has a new car?)

-Finally you can also create a question by including a tag question “A” to the beginning of the interrogative sentence.
Example: A ka ai makinë të re?

English questions      Albanian questions
Questions  Pyetje
what?
çfarë?
how?
si?
who? kush?
where?
ku?
why? pse?

Note:
Some interrogative sentences are established using the interrogative pronouns:
Kush? (Who) and Çfarë? (What), and putting the topic after the linking verb ‘jam” to be.
e.g: Kush jemi ne? (Who are we?). Kush është ajo? (Who is she?).

List of questions in Albanian

 English questions Albanian questions
 who are you     kush je ti? sing.
kush jeni ju? pl.
how are you? 
Si je (ti) – sing.
Si jeni (ju) – pl.
 where is she?
ku është ajo?
 what is this? 
çfarë është kjo?
 why is this? pse është kjo?
 where do you live? ku jeton ti ?
what time it is? 
Sa është ora?
 restaurant   
restorant
 where are you? 
ku je ti?
 can I help you? 
mund t’ju ndihmoj?
Albanian pronouns

If you’re trying to learn Albanian Pronouns you will discover some useful sources along with a course about subject pronouns, demonstrative pronouns, possessive adjectives, possessive pronouns and Indefinite pronouns. These will help you with your Albanian. grammar. Try to focus on the Albanian class and find the pattern that happens each time with the phrase changes its position.

Learning the Albanian Pronouns is very essential because its structure is used in every day discussion. The more you exercise the subject, the nearer you get to perfecting the Albanian language. But first we need to know what is the role of Pronouns is in the structure of the Albanian grammar.

Grammar Tips:

Subject Pronouns:

In English the subject pronouns are:

Singular: I, you, he, she, it,
Plural:  we, you, they.

In Albanian,  the subject pronouns are:

Singular: unë (I), ti (you sing.), ai (he), ajo (she),
Plural: ne (we), Ju (you pl.), ata (they masc.), ato (they fem.)

Illustrations:

I think Unë mendoj
 You think (singular) Ti mendon (sing.)
 He thinks Ai mendon
 She thinks Ajo mendon
 it thinks  Ai / Ajo mendon
(he / she thinks)
 We think  Ne mendojmë
 You think (plural) Ju mendoni ( pl.)
 They think Ata mendojnë ( masc.)
Ato mendojnë ( fem.)

Demonstrative pronouns:

This Ky (masc.); Kjo (fem.)
 These Keta (masc.); Keto (fem.)
 That Ai (masc.); Ajo (fem.)
 Those Ata (masc.); Ato (fem.)

Possessive Adjectives:
In Albanian Possessive Adjectives have Person, Number, Gender and Case and they agree with Person, Number, Gender and Case’s noun.
The Masculine and Feminine genders are used if the defined nouns are respectively masculine or feminine.

Examples: Ky është libri im. – This is my book.(M. Sing.);  Kjo është makina e saj. – This is her car. (F. Sing.)
Këta janë librat e mi. – These are my books (M. Plural); Ato janë makinat e mia. Those are my cars. (F. Plural)

For masculine nouns in singular and plural:

 My im (sing.); e mi (pl.)
 Your (sing.)  yt (sing.); e tu (pl.)
 His  i tij (sing.); e tij (pl.)
 Her e saj (sing.); e saj (pl.)
 Its i tij (masc.)
i saj (fem.)
 Our ynë (sing.); tanë (pl.)
 Your (pl.) juaj (pl.); tuaj (pl.)
 They i tyre (masc. pl.); e tyre (pl.)
e tyre (fem. pl.); e tyre (pl.)

Examples:
This is his phone – Ky është telefoni i tij.
I am a man and this is my book. /  Unë jam burrë dhe ky është libri im.
We are teachers and this is our book. – Ne jemi mësues dhe ky është libri ynë.

For fem. nouns in sing. and plural:

 My ime (sing.); e mia ( pl.)
 Your (sing.)  jote (sing.); e tua (pl.)
 His  e tij (sing); e tij (pl.)
 Her e saj (sing.); e saj (pl.)
 Its e tij (masc.)
e saj (fem.)
 Our jonë (sing.); tona (pl.)
 Your (pl.) juaj (pl.); tuaja (pl.)
 They e tyre (masc. pl.)
e tyre (fem. pl.)

Illustrations:
This is my car – Kjo është makina ime.
This is my sister and these are her dolls. / Kjo është motra ime dhe këto janë kukullat e saj.
These are my cars – Keto janë makinat e mia.

Possessive Pronouns:

Possessive Adjectives are not used only to modify nouns. They are used as possessive pronouns, they used separately from the noun. The singular possessive pronouns of the masculine gender take ending –i, or –e as in: imi, yni, yti, etc. and –t(ë) in plural. The singular possessive pronouns of the feminine gender take the ending –a, as in: imja, jotja, e tija, e saja, e jona etc. and –t in plural. The plural of the masculine and feminine possessive pronouns is preceded by the article të, as in: të mitë, të miat, të tuat, te sajtë, etc. Take a look below:

Masc. Sing.     /      Masc. pl.
Fem.Sing.       /       Fem. pl.

mine  =  imi  /  imja;    të mitë  /  të miat
yours  =  yti   / jotja;    të tutë   / të tuat
his  =  i tiji  /  e tija;    të tijtë  /  të tijat
hers =   i saji  / e saja;    të sajtë /  të sajat
ours  =  yni  /  jona;    tanët  /  tonat
yours  =  juaji  /  juaja.    tuajt  /  tuajat
theirs  =  i tyre  /  e tyrja;    të tyre /   të tyret
theirs  =  i tyre  /  e tyrja;    të tyre  /  të tyret

Example (Singular)
Where is my handkerchief? / Ku është shamia ime?

Example (Plural)
This is my pencil. / Ky është lapsi im.

Indefinite pronouns.

This pronoun it tells indefinite quantities of things and human.
Example:
dikush, ndonjë, askush, asgjë, dicka, shumë, pak,

We have some different types of indefinite pronouns.

Formed with: do-
Example. Cilido, cfarëdo, kushdo.

Formed with: di-
Example. Dikush, dicka, disa.

Formed with: as-
Example. Askush, asgjë, asnjeri.

Formed with: kurr-
Example. Kurrgjë, kurrkush.

Formed with: gjithë- tjetër- or shumë-
Example. Gjithëkush, gjithëfarë, tjetërkush, shumëkush.

Example.
Dikush po vjen. Unë nuk shoh asgjë. Dicka nuk shkon mirë këtu.
Someone is coming. I don’t see anything. Something is not going well here.

Albanian nouns

Learning the Albanian Nouns is very essential because its framework is used in every day discussion. The more you exercise the topic, the nearer you get to perfecting the Albanian. But first we need to know what the aspect of Nouns is in the structure of the Albanian grammar.
Albanian nouns are words used to name a individual, creature, place, thing, or subjective concepts. Nouns are usually the key to vocabulary.

Here are some illustrations:

English nouns      Albanian nouns
Nouns  Emra
 one woman   
 një grua
 black monkey   
majmun i zi
 my school   shkolla ime
buy a pen  
blej një stilolaps
first love dashuria e parë

As you can see from the illustration above, the framework of the Nouns in Albanian has a logic pattern. Identify the Nouns above and see how it performs with the rest of the phrase in Albanian.
Note: Albanian nouns are inflected by gender (masc. fem.) and number (sing and pl).

List of Nouns in Albanian

Below is a listing of the Nouns and words in Albanian. Trying to remember this list will help you add very useful and essential words to your Albanian vocabulary.

 English  Nouns Albanian Nouns
a computer një kompjutër
 a bicycle  
një biçikletë
an apple
  një mollë
 some computers  
 disa kompjutra
 some bicycles disa biçikleta
 some apples disa molla

Csses of noun

In Albanian there are 5 cases.
Case of noun is called the forms of a noun in relation that it has with other words in the sentence.

1. Emërore – Nominative* Designation (it names the subject in a sentence)
2. Gjinore   – Genitive* Description (it qualifies the word it modifies, possession)
3. Dhanore  – Dative* Reception (it express the indirect object of the verb)
4. Kallzore – Accusative* Limitation (the action extends to and its limited to the object)
5. Rrjedhore – Ablative* Separation (is used after certain prepositions: prej-from, by).

Sample:

1. Emërore – një mal / mal-i
2. Gjinore  – i, e, të, së (një) mali / mal-it
3. Dhanore- një mal-i / mal-it
4. Kallëzore- një mal-i / mal-in
5. Rrjedhore- prej një mal-i / prej mal-it

In Genitive case we use articles: i, e, të, së to connect two nouns or a noun and an adjective.
Example: drejtori i shkollës (noun-noun); drejtori i ri ( noun-adjective)
The noun in Ablative case use also preposition: prej- from
Example: Fshatari vjen prej malit.

Declensions of noun

In Albanian there are 3 declensions.
The declension of the noun it depends from definite or indefinite form of the noun.

The first declension- includes nouns endings in – i in definite form, singular.
Example: libr-i, mësues- i, vëlla- i, gur- i

The second declension- includes nouns endings in – i in definite form, singular.
Example: shok-u, plak-u,

The third declension- includes nouns endings in – i or –ja in definite form, singular.
Example: tavolin-a, motr-a, fletor-ja

Watch to this video lesson and listen some nouns in Albanian.

Nouns and words have a very important role in Albanian, as a result they need a special attention. Once you are done with Albanian Nouns, you may want to examine the rest of our Albanian exercising. Also if you need help to Learn Albanian please contact us

Albanian Adjectives

If you are trying to learn Albanian Adjectives you will discover some useful sources along with a training course about Adjectives, colors, Forms and Styles… to help you with your Albanian sentence structure / grammar. Try to focus on the category and find the pattern that happens each time the phrase and word changes its position. Also don’t ignore to examine the rest of our other training detailed on Learn Albanian phrases.

Studying the Albanian Adjectives is very essential because its structure is used in every day conversation. The more you exercise the topic, the nearer you get to perfecting the Albanian language. But first we need to understand what’s the role of Adjectives is in the framework of the grammar in Albanian. Albanian Adjectives are words that explain or change another individual or thing in the phrase

Grammar Tips:

While in English an adjective does not modify when the noun changes, in Albanian an adjective should agree the the noun in number and gender of it. For instance:

Masculine to feminine gender:

Ky është qeni im i vogël (This is my little dog) it becomes:
Kjo është pula ime e vogël (This is my little hen)

So we have the change of demonstrative pronouns “ky” – this (masc.) into  “kjo” – this (fem.), and from the possessive pronouns “im” – my (masc.) into: “ime” – my (fem.) in singular.
As you can see from the illustration above, the adjective comes after the noun and also requires the same gender with the noun (fem.)

Singular to Plural number form:

Kjo është shtëpia ime e bardhë (this is my white-colored house) it becomes:
Këto janë shtëpitë e mia të bardha (these are my white-colored houses).

As you can see from the illustration, the adjective arrives after the noun and also requires the plural form.

English Adjectives      Albanian Adjectives
Adjectives  Mbiemra
 a white car  një makinë e bardhë
 a high tree   një pemë e lartë
 an old book   një libër i vjetër
 the old  roof   çatia e vjetër
 a pretty girl    një vajzë e bukur

As you can see from the illustration above, the structure of the Adjectives in Albanian has a sensible design. Identify the Adjectives above and see how it functions with the rest of the phrase in Albanian.
Note: The adjective in Albanian when used as a modifier, is placed after the noun and confirms with it in gender and in number, for instance:

një dimër i ftohtë (masc. singular)- disa dimra të ftohta (masc. plural)- (a cold winter – (some) cold winters);
një dorë e ftohtë (fem. sing.) – disa dora të ftohta (pl. f.) – (a freezing hand – (some) freezing hands).

The adjectives in Albanian are usually associated with the connective articles, which are identified by the gender and the number of the noun. The connective articles of adjectives are: i / e / të / së and the connective article : / i / is was used before the adjective with a sing. and masc. noun indefinite or definite form, for e.g:

një djalë i mirë – djali i mirë (a good boy – the good boy)

A short list of Adjectives in Albanian.

Below is a listing of the Adjectives, Colors and Sizes in Albanian . Trying to remember this list will help you add very useful and essential words into your Albanian vocabulary.

 English Adjectives Albanian Adjectives
 colors     ngjyra
 black  i zi (masc); e zezë (fem)
 blue    i kaltër (masc.);  e kaltër (fem.)
 gray  i hirtë (masc.); e hirtë (fem.)
 green i gjelbër (masc.); e gjelbër (fem.)
 orange ngjyrë portokalli
purple  i purpurtë (masc.); e purpurtë (fem.)
 red i kuq (masc); e kuqe (fem)
 white i bardhë (masc); e bardhë (masc)
 yellow i verdhë (masc); e verdhë (fem)

 

Below you can listen some adjectives in Albanian. Enjoy the rest of this lesson!