Free Albanian Grammar

Learn Albanian phrases and expressions

Learn Albanian phrases and expressions

Below you will find some important free Albanian phrases and expressions. Use these phrases and expressions to make your friends and loved ones jealous. Check out some of the lessons listed on learn Albanian grammar.


 English Greeting Phrases Albanian Greeting Phrases
 Hi  / Hello! Përshëndetje!
 Good afternoon!
 Good morning!
 Good evening!
Mirë se vini!
 How are you? (friendly)
 Si je?
 How do you do? (formal)
 Si jeni?
 I’m fine, thank you!
Jam mirë, faleminderit!
 Thank you very much!
Shu faleminderit!
 You’re welcome!
S’ka përse!
 And you? (friendly) Po ti ?
 And you? (polite)
Po ju?
 so so  çka
 What’s up?  ç’kemi?
 Nothing! Asgjë!
 Not bad! Jo keq!
 My pleasure!
Kënaqësia ime!

if you want to learn Albanian with a native teacher feel free to contact us.

Albanian Videos

Albanian video lessons.

We are showing some Albanian video lessons. The following videos will help you in your Albanian learning process. Enjoy learning Albanian!

How to speak Albanian? Learn Albanian Alphabet!

How to say greetings in Albanian?

The verb TO BE in Albanian / Learn Albanian Grammar

Love phrases in Albanian / Learn Albanian

Body parts in Albanian.

 Albanian food vocabulary.


How to say fruits in Albanian?

The weather in Albanian language.

How to say seasons in Albanian?

How to say the days of the week in Albanian?

Albanian Negation

It is very important to learn the Albanian Negation because it is used in everyday conversations. The more you use the subject, the closer you are to mastering the Albanian language. The first thing we need to understand is what Negation is in the structure of Albanian grammar.

The Albanian negation process involves changing a positive sentence (I am sad) into a negative one (I am not sad).Grammar Tips:

In Albanian, negation is formed by putting “Jo” before the verb. However, sometimes it is necessary to use a double negative. Jo (no) and nuk (not) are the most typical negative forms.

For example:

Nuk mund ta shkoj atje (I can’t go there).
Unë nuk dua asgjë nga ti (I don’t want anything from you – so we have Double Negative in this sentence).

The double Negation is also here:

Jo nuk pelqej të shkoj atje! – I don’t like to go there!
Nuk më pëlqen/Nuk e dua. (I don’t like it)

A negative sentence is made by adding the adverb nuk or s’ in front of the verb. There is no any difference between nuk and s’ they both mean NOT in English.

In Albanian there are 3 methods of negative form and they are:

jo, (no);  nuk / s’ (not)

“A” nuk ka ai makinë të re? or sometimes we remove “A”, just we say: Nuk ka ai makinë të re? (He hasn’t a new car) or with s’
Ai s’ka makinë të re. (He hasn’t a new car)

English negation      Albanian negation
Negation  Mohore
she is not there
ajo nuk është atje
this is not yours
kjo nuk është e jotje
I don’t go
unë nuk shkoj
he isn’t here ai nuk është këtu

List of Negation in Albanian

The following is a listing of Albanian Negation and negative expressions. Your Albanian vocabulary will be greatly enhanced by learning this table.

The word “mos” (not) will also appear in Albanian when the negative adverb NOT is placed before a verb that is in subjunctive mood.

For example:
Don’t smoke! – Mos pi duhan!
Don’t go there – Mos shko atje.

English negation  Albanian negation
do not enter mos hyr
 I don’t speak unë nuk flas
he don’t drink  
    ai nuk pi
she doesn’t drive
 ajo nuk vozit
we don’t write ne nuk shkruajmë
they don’t sleep  
ata nuk flejnë
she doesn’t love  ajo nuk dashuron
Albanian Plural

Albanian plural is very important since its structure is used in conversations every day. To understand the role of Plural in the Albanian grammar, we must first understand what it is.

The Albanian plural is a grammatical number, generally referring to more than one referent. The English language uses only singular and plural numbers.

Here are some grammar tips:

The plural in English is formed by adding (s) to the singular. The Albanian language adds endings to nouns to make them plural.

The plural is formed adding the endings / suffix: , -ë, -a,-e, ër, – ra – t, -nj.

For Example:

punëtor-ë (workers),
dardh-a (pears),
mal-e (mountains),
prind-ër (parents),
fshat-ra (villages),
flori-nj (golds)

Also changing the stem of the noun, from  – k, to –q ; from – a to – e, or from – g to -gj.

For Example:

plak (old man)- pleq (old men),
mik (guest)- miq (guests),
natë (night)- net (nights),
zog (bird), zogj (birds).

We have some nouns that they are used only in Singular.

For Example:

rini-a (youth),
popullsi-a (population),
arsim-i (education)

Also the nouns that are special nouns and the are written with capital letters.

For Example:

Shqipëri-a (Albania),
Adriatik-u (Adriatic sea).

Also we have some other nouns that they are used only in Plural.

For Example:

pantallona-t (pants),
syze-t (glasses).

The masculine noun that creates the plural with ending: – e in this number it changes the gender, giving the adjective that is located after the noun, the feminine gender.

For Example:

(Singular)- Ky mal i lartë     (This high mountain)
(Plural)- Këto male të larta (These high mountains)

English Plural      Albanian Plural
Plural  Shumës
my phone telefoni im
my phones telefonët e mi
our daughter vajza jonë
first love dashuria e parë
Albanian Verbs

Albanian Verbs

It is very important to learn the Albanian verbs so that you can use them in everyday conversation. You get closer to perfecting the language the more you practice it. Yet, we need to know how Albanian verbs fit into the structure of the Albanian grammar.

Verbs in Albanian express activity (walk, study, sleep, jump) and state (exist, stand). The verb may agree the gender, person, or number of some of its argument, such as its subject or object.
Grammar Tips:

Present Tense

To form the present tense in indicative mood, Albanian verbs get the following ending:

For singular: -j , -n, -n
For plural: – jmë, :-ni, -jnë

Example: to learn- mësoj

Singular Plural
 Unë  mëso-j Ne mëso-jmë
 Ti mëso-n Ju mëso-ni
 Ai/ajo mëso-n Ata/ato mëso-jnë


These endings can help you, because with them you can conjugate most verbs into the present tense which belong to first type of conjugation. You only need the stem (rrënja) of the verb, for example the stem of (mësoj: to learn) is (mëso-j).

Past Tense

In Albanian as well as in English the simple past tense (imperfect) is used to explain past activities. The endings for the last tense verbs are:

For singular: – va, -ve, -i
For plural:      -më, -të, -në. (-am, -at, -an)

For example : to learn – mësoj

Unë mëso-va  Ne mësu-am
 Ti mëso-ve   Ju mësu-at
 Ai/ajo mëso-i     Ata/ato mësu-ën



The Albanian language verbs are different from English language verbs, as you can see in the examples above! The conjugation of each verb is different and we have more rules & endings.
So just take any regular verb and add it to the ending above, for example our verb mesoj (to learn), its stem is “meso”, plus the ending above becomes unë meso-va (I learned).

Future Tense

To form the future in Albanian it’s very simple, just use the whole infinitive verb plus these following endings:

For singular: -j, -sh, -jë
For plural: -jmë, -ni, jnë

This is very similar to the future tense of English. It is founded by placing ‘do të’ – “will”  before a verb.

Example: to learn- mësoj

Singular Plural
 Unë  do të mëso-j Ne do të mëso-jmë
 Ti do të mëso-sh Ju do të mëso-ni
 Ai/ajo do të mëso-jë Ata/ato do të mëso-jnë

If you would like to conjugate online any Albanian verb you can visit: Learn Albanian

You can listen the conjugation of the verb “to be” in Albanian language. Enjoy the rest of this Albanian lesson!

Below it’s another video lesson for verb “to have” in Albanian. Listen how to conjugate it.

Albanian Adverbs

If you’re trying to learn Albanian Adverbs you will find some useful sources along with a course about Adverbs of time, place and manner which can help you with your Albanian sentence structure. Try to focus on the class and notice the pattern that happens everytime the word changes its position.

Studying the Albanian Adverbs is very essential because its structure is used in every day discussion. The more you exercise the topic, the nearer you get to perfecting the Albanian. But first we want to know what is the role of Adverbs is in the structure of the Albanian grammar. Albanian adverbs are element of conversation. Usually they’re words that change any aspect of language other than a noun. Adverbs can change verbs, adjectives (including numbers), sentences, phrases and other adverbs.

Albanian Adverbs Grammar Tips:

While in English the adverbs are usually founded by including (-ly) to adjectives. In Albanian many adverbs are established from adjectives, basically by including the suffix -shëm to the sing. fem. form adjectives. Illustrations:

i/e ngadaltë (slow) it becomes ngadalshëm (slowly)
i, e lirë (free) it becomes lirshëm (freely)

However that is not always the scenario. Some words are adverbs by characteristics.
e.g.  Tash/tani (now), vërtet (really), and së shpejti (soon) are all Albanian adverbs.

 English Adverbs Albanian Adverbs
adverbs     ndjafoljet
 I watch TV sometimes    Unë shikoj TV ndonjëherë
 I will never eat pork Unë kurrë nuk do të ha derr
 Are you alone? Je vetëm?


As you can see from the above illustrations, the structure of the Adverbs in Albanian has a logic. Identify the Adverbs above and see how it performs with the rest of the phrases in Albanian.

List of Adverbs in Albanian.

Below is a list of the Adverbs of Time, Place, Manner and the Frequency in Albanian placed in a structure . Trying to remember this list because it will help you add use the right Albanian vocabulary.


English Adverbs  Albanian Adverbs
 adverbs of time    ndajfoljet e kohës
 today sot
 tomorrow     nesër
 yesturday  dje
 adverbs of place      ndajfoljet e vendit
 here     këtu
 there  atje
outside  jashtë
 adverbs of manner    ndajfoljet e mënyrës
 very     shumë
 quickly  shpejt
 well  mirë
 adverbs of frequency ndjafoljet e shpeshtësisë
 always     gjithmonë
 rarely rrallë
 usually      zakonisht
Albanian Vocabulary

It is very important to learn the Albanian vocabulary since its structure is used every day in conversation. As you practice the Albanian language, you get closer to mastering it.  It is important to understand the role of vocabulary in the structure of Albanian grammar.

The Albanian vocabulary is the set of words you need to know. Vocabulary normally evolves and develops with age, and serves as a useful and essential tool in conversation and learning. Here are some examples:
English Vocabulary  Albanian Vocabulary
vocabulary fjalorë
 language gjuhë
 English  anglisht
Spanish spanjisht
 country  vend
America Amerikë
Canada  Kanada
 Australia  Australi
time kohë
 second sekondë


Below we are showing some Albanian video lesson with Albanian vocabulary. Enjoy the rest of this lesson!

Animals Vocabulary.

Clothing vocabulary in Albanian.

School vocabulary in Albanian.

Albanian Questions

This structure is used in everyday conversation, so learning the Albanian Questions is very important. You get closer to becoming a master of Albanian as you practice this more. In addition, we need to understand what the role of questions is in the Albanian grammar.

Albanian questions can either be linguistic expressions that demand information, or requests themselves that are created by such an expression.

Grammar Tips for Albanian Questions:

In Albanian, there are four methods to ask a question to get a “yes” or “no” answer. Please see the following:

-Verb + pronoun: As opposed to English, the auxiliaries do and does are not used.
Example: Ka ai makinë të re? (Does he has a new car?)

-Pronoun + verb: Only the intonation can make the sentence interrogative:
Example: Ai ka makinë të re? (Does he has a new car?)

-Verb + pronoun. The pronoun goes last.
Example: Ka makinë të re ai? (Does he has a new car?)

-Finally you can also create a question by including a tag question “A” to the beginning of the interrogative sentence.
Example: A ka ai makinë të re?

English questions      Albanian questions
Questions  Pyetje
who? kush?
why? pse?

Some interrogative sentences are established using the interrogative pronouns:
Kush? (Who) and Çfarë? (What), and putting the topic after the linking verb ‘jam” to be.
e.g: Kush jemi ne? (Who are we?). Kush është ajo? (Who is she?).

List of questions in Albanian

 English questions Albanian questions
 who are you     kush je ti? sing.
kush jeni ju? pl.
how are you? 
Si je (ti) – sing.
Si jeni (ju) – pl.
 where is she?
ku është ajo?
 what is this? 
çfarë është kjo?
 why is this? pse është kjo?
 where do you live? ku jeton ti ?
what time it is? 
Sa është ora?
 where are you? 
ku je ti?
 can I help you? 
mund t’ju ndihmoj?
Albanian Pronouns

There are some useful resources and a course in Albanian pronouns if you are trying to learn them along with subject pronouns, demonstrative pronouns, possessive adjectives, possessive pronouns and indefinite pronouns. Here are some tips for improving your Albanian grammar. Observe how the phrase changes position every time you focus on the Albanian class.

Pronouns play an important role in everyday discussions, so learning the Albanian Pronouns is essential. You get closer to mastering the Albanian language by practicing it more. The first thing we need to understand is what Pronouns are and how they are used in the Albanian grammar.

Grammar Tips:

Subject Pronouns:

In English the subject pronouns are:

Singular: I, you, he, she, it,
Plural:  we, you, they.

In Albanian,  the subject pronouns are:

Singular: unë (I), ti (you sing.), ai (he), ajo (she),
Plural: ne (we), Ju (you pl.), ata (they masc.), ato (they fem.)


I think Unë mendoj
 You think (singular) Ti mendon (sing.)
 He thinks Ai mendon
 She thinks Ajo mendon
 it thinks  Ai / Ajo mendon
(he / she thinks)
 We think  Ne mendojmë
 You think (plural) Ju mendoni ( pl.)
 They think Ata mendojnë ( masc.)
Ato mendojnë ( fem.)

Demonstrative pronouns:

This Ky (masc.); Kjo (fem.)
 These Keta (masc.); Keto (fem.)
 That Ai (masc.); Ajo (fem.)
 Those Ata (masc.); Ato (fem.)


Possessive Adjectives:

A possessive adjective in Albanian has Person, Number, Gender and Case, and they agree with their noun.
There is a Masculine and Feminine gender depending on whether the noun being defined is masculine or feminine.

Examples: Ky është libri im. – This is my book.(M. Sing.);  Kjo është makina e saj. – This is her car. (F. Sing.)
Këta janë librat e mi. – These are my books (M. Plural); Ato janë makinat e mia. Those are my cars. (F. Plural)

For masculine nouns in singular and plural:

 My im (sing.); e mi (pl.)
 Your (sing.)  yt (sing.); e tu (pl.)
 His  i tij (sing.); e tij (pl.)
 Her e saj (sing.); e saj (pl.)
 Its i tij (masc.)
i saj (fem.)
 Our ynë (sing.); tanë (pl.)
 Your (pl.) juaj (pl.); tuaj (pl.)
 They i tyre (masc. pl.); e tyre (pl.)
e tyre (fem. pl.); e tyre (pl.)

This is his phone – Ky është telefoni i tij.
I am a man and this is my book. /  Unë jam burrë dhe ky është libri im.
We are teachers and this is our book. – Ne jemi mësues dhe ky është libri ynë.

For fem. nouns in sing. and plural:

 My ime (sing.); e mia ( pl.)
 Your (sing.)  jote (sing.); e tua (pl.)
 His  e tij (sing); e tij (pl.)
 Her e saj (sing.); e saj (pl.)
 Its e tij (masc.)
e saj (fem.)
 Our jonë (sing.); tona (pl.)
 Your (pl.) juaj (pl.); tuaja (pl.)
 They e tyre (masc. pl.)
e tyre (fem. pl.)

This is my car – Kjo është makina ime.
This is my sister and these are her dolls. / Kjo është motra ime dhe këto janë kukullat e saj.
These are my cars – Keto janë makinat e mia.

Possessive Pronouns:

Nouns can also be modified with Possessive Adjectives. The possessive pronouns are used separately from the noun. The singular possessive pronouns of the masculine gender take ending  –i, or –e as in: imi, yni, yti, etc. and –t(ë) in plural. The singular possessive pronouns of the feminine gender take the ending –a, as in: imja, jotja, e tija, e saja, e jona etc. and –t in plural. The plural of the masculine and feminine possessive pronouns is preceded by the article të, as in: të mitë, të miat, të tuat, te sajtë, etc. Take a look below:

Masc. Sing.     /      Masc. pl.
Fem.Sing.       /       Fem. pl.

mine  =  imi  /  imja;    të mitë  /  të miat
yours  =  yti   / jotja;    të tutë   / të tuat
his  =  i tiji  /  e tija;    të tijtë  /  të tijat
hers =   i saji  / e saja;    të sajtë /  të sajat
ours  =  yni  /  jona;    tanët  /  tonat
yours  =  juaji  /  juaja.    tuajt  /  tuajat
theirs  =  i tyre  /  e tyrja;    të tyre /   të tyret
theirs  =  i tyre  /  e tyrja;    të tyre  /  të tyret

Example (Singular)
Where is my handkerchief? / Ku është shamia ime?

Example (Plural)
This is my pencil. / Ky është lapsi im.

Indefinite pronouns.

This pronoun it tells indefinite quantities of things and human.
dikush, ndonjë, askush, asgjë, dicka, shumë, pak,

We have some different types of indefinite pronouns.

Formed with: do-
Example. Cilido, cfarëdo, kushdo.

Formed with: di-
Example. Dikush, dicka, disa.

Formed with: as-
Example. Askush, asgjë, asnjeri.

Formed with: kurr-
Example. Kurrgjë, kurrkush.

Formed with: gjithë- tjetër- or shumë-
Example. Gjithëkush, gjithëfarë, tjetërkush, shumëkush.

Dikush po vjen. Unë nuk shoh asgjë. Dicka nuk shkon mirë këtu.
Someone is coming. I don’t see anything. Something is not going well here.

Albanian Nouns

The Albanian nouns form the foundation for every day conversations, so learning them is very important. You’re closer to perfecting Albanian the more you practice. It is first necessary to understand what the Noun aspect is in the Albanian grammar structure.
Nouns in Albanian are words that describe an individual, thing, place, or concept. The most important part of vocabulary is the noun.



Here are some examples:

English nouns      Albanian nouns
Nouns  Emra
 one woman   
 një grua
 black monkey   
majmun i zi
 my school   shkolla ime
buy a pen  
blej një stilolaps
first love dashuria e parë


Based on the illustration above, it is obvious that the Nouns in Albanian have a logical structure. Check to see how the Albanian Nouns above fit with the rest of the phrase.

In Albanian, nouns are inflected by gender (male and female) and number (single and plural).

List of Nouns in Albanian

The following are the Albanian nouns and words. Your Albanian vocabulary will be more complete and useful if you try to remember this list.

 English  Nouns Albanian Nouns
a computer një kompjutër
 a bicycle  
një biçikletë
an apple
  një mollë
 some computers  
 disa kompjutra
 some bicycles disa biçikleta
 some apples disa molla


Cases of noun

In Albanian there are 5 cases.
Case of noun is called the forms of a noun in relation that it has with other words in the sentence.

1. Emërore – Nominative* Designation (it names the subject in a sentence)
2. Gjinore   – Genitive* Description (it qualifies the word it modifies, possession)
3. Dhanore  – Dative* Reception (it express the indirect object of the verb)
4. Kallzore – Accusative* Limitation (the action extends to and its limited to the object)
5. Rrjedhore – Ablative* Separation (is used after certain prepositions: prej-from, by).


1. Emërore – një mal / mal-i
2. Gjinore  – i, e, të, së (një) mali / mal-it
3. Dhanore- një mal-i / mal-it
4. Kallëzore- një mal-i / mal-in
5. Rrjedhore- prej një mal-i / prej mal-it

In Genitive case we use articles: i, e, të, së to connect two nouns or a noun and an adjective.
Example: drejtori i shkollës (noun-noun); drejtori i ri ( noun-adjective)
The noun in Ablative case use also preposition: prej- from

Example: Fshatari vjen prej malit.

Declensions of noun

In Albanian there are 3 declensions.
The declension of the noun it depends from definite or indefinite form of the noun.

The first declension- includes nouns endings in – i in definite form, singular.
Example: libr-i, mësues- i, vëlla- i, gur- i

The second declension- includes nouns endings in – i in definite form, singular.
Example: shok-u, plak-u,

The third declension- includes nouns endings in – i or –ja in definite form, singular.
Example: tavolin-a, motr-a, fletor-ja

Listen to some Albanian nouns in this video lesson.

Nouns and words play a crucial role in Albanian, so they deserve special attention. If you are finished with Albanian Nouns, you may want to review the rest of the Albanian exercises. You can also get assistance to learn Albanian by contacting us.