Albanian pronouns

Albanian pronouns

If you’re trying to learn Albanian Pronouns you will discover some useful sources along with a course about subject pronouns, demonstrative pronouns, possessive adjectives, possessive pronouns and Indefinite pronouns. These will help you with your Albanian. grammar. Try to focus on the Albanian class and find the pattern that happens each time with the phrase changes its position.

Learning the Albanian Pronouns is very essential because its structure is used in every day discussion. The more you exercise the subject, the nearer you get to perfecting the Albanian language. But first we need to know what is the role of Pronouns is in the structure of the Albanian grammar.

Grammar Tips:

Subject Pronouns:

In English the subject pronouns are:

Singular: I, you, he, she, it,
Plural:  we, you, they.

In Albanian,  the subject pronouns are:

Singular: unë (I), ti (you sing.), ai (he), ajo (she),
Plural: ne (we), Ju (you pl.), ata (they masc.), ato (they fem.)

Illustrations:

I think Unë mendoj
 You think (singular) Ti mendon (sing.)
 He thinks Ai mendon
 She thinks Ajo mendon
 it thinks  Ai / Ajo mendon
(he / she thinks)
 We think  Ne mendojmë
 You think (plural) Ju mendoni ( pl.)
 They think Ata mendojnë ( masc.)
Ato mendojnë ( fem.)

Demonstrative pronouns:

This Ky (masc.); Kjo (fem.)
 These Keta (masc.); Keto (fem.)
 That Ai (masc.); Ajo (fem.)
 Those Ata (masc.); Ato (fem.)

Possessive Adjectives:
In Albanian Possessive Adjectives have Person, Number, Gender and Case and they agree with Person, Number, Gender and Case’s noun.
The Masculine and Feminine genders are used if the defined nouns are respectively masculine or feminine.

Examples: Ky është libri im. – This is my book.(M. Sing.);  Kjo është makina e saj. – This is her car. (F. Sing.)
Këta janë librat e mi. – These are my books (M. Plural); Ato janë makinat e mia. Those are my cars. (F. Plural)

For masculine nouns in singular and plural:

 My im (sing.); e mi (pl.)
 Your (sing.)  yt (sing.); e tu (pl.)
 His  i tij (sing.); e tij (pl.)
 Her e saj (sing.); e saj (pl.)
 Its i tij (masc.)
i saj (fem.)
 Our ynë (sing.); tanë (pl.)
 Your (pl.) juaj (pl.); tuaj (pl.)
 They i tyre (masc. pl.); e tyre (pl.)
e tyre (fem. pl.); e tyre (pl.)

Examples:
This is his phone – Ky është telefoni i tij.
I am a man and this is my book. /  Unë jam burrë dhe ky është libri im.
We are teachers and this is our book. – Ne jemi mësues dhe ky është libri ynë.

For fem. nouns in sing. and plural:

 My ime (sing.); e mia ( pl.)
 Your (sing.)  jote (sing.); e tua (pl.)
 His  e tij (sing); e tij (pl.)
 Her e saj (sing.); e saj (pl.)
 Its e tij (masc.)
e saj (fem.)
 Our jonë (sing.); tona (pl.)
 Your (pl.) juaj (pl.); tuaja (pl.)
 They e tyre (masc. pl.)
e tyre (fem. pl.)

Illustrations:
This is my car – Kjo është makina ime.
This is my sister and these are her dolls. / Kjo është motra ime dhe këto janë kukullat e saj.
These are my cars – Keto janë makinat e mia.

Possessive Pronouns:

Possessive Adjectives are not used only to modify nouns. They are used as possessive pronouns, they used separately from the noun. The singular possessive pronouns of the masculine gender take ending –i, or –e as in: imi, yni, yti, etc. and –t(ë) in plural. The singular possessive pronouns of the feminine gender take the ending –a, as in: imja, jotja, e tija, e saja, e jona etc. and –t in plural. The plural of the masculine and feminine possessive pronouns is preceded by the article të, as in: të mitë, të miat, të tuat, te sajtë, etc. Take a look below:

Masc. Sing.     /      Masc. pl.
Fem.Sing.       /       Fem. pl.

mine  =  imi  /  imja;    të mitë  /  të miat
yours  =  yti   / jotja;    të tutë   / të tuat
his  =  i tiji  /  e tija;    të tijtë  /  të tijat
hers =   i saji  / e saja;    të sajtë /  të sajat
ours  =  yni  /  jona;    tanët  /  tonat
yours  =  juaji  /  juaja.    tuajt  /  tuajat
theirs  =  i tyre  /  e tyrja;    të tyre /   të tyret
theirs  =  i tyre  /  e tyrja;    të tyre  /  të tyret

Example (Singular)
Where is my handkerchief? / Ku është shamia ime?

Example (Plural)
This is my pencil. / Ky është lapsi im.

Indefinite pronouns.

This pronoun it tells indefinite quantities of things and human.
Example:
dikush, ndonjë, askush, asgjë, dicka, shumë, pak,

We have some different types of indefinite pronouns.

Formed with: do-
Example. Cilido, cfarëdo, kushdo.

Formed with: di-
Example. Dikush, dicka, disa.

Formed with: as-
Example. Askush, asgjë, asnjeri.

Formed with: kurr-
Example. Kurrgjë, kurrkush.

Formed with: gjithë- tjetër- or shumë-
Example. Gjithëkush, gjithëfarë, tjetërkush, shumëkush.

Example.
Dikush po vjen. Unë nuk shoh asgjë. Dicka nuk shkon mirë këtu.
Someone is coming. I don’t see anything. Something is not going well here.

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