The Albanian nouns form the foundation for every day conversations, so learning them is very important. You’re closer to perfecting Albanian the more you practice. It is first necessary to understand what the Noun aspect is in the Albanian grammar structure.
Nouns in Albanian are words that describe an individual, thing, place, or concept. The most important part of vocabulary is the noun.
Here are some examples:
|English nouns||Albanian nouns|
| one woman
|| një grua
| black monkey
||majmun i zi|
|my school||shkolla ime|
|buy a pen
||blej një stilolaps|
|first love||dashuria e parë|
Based on the illustration above, it is obvious that the Nouns in Albanian have a logical structure. Check to see how the Albanian Nouns above fit with the rest of the phrase.
In Albanian, nouns are inflected by gender (male and female) and number (single and plural).
List of Nouns in Albanian
The following are the Albanian nouns and words. Your Albanian vocabulary will be more complete and useful if you try to remember this list.
|English Nouns||Albanian Nouns|
|a computer||një kompjutër|
| a bicycle
| some computers
|some bicycles||disa biçikleta|
|some apples||disa molla
Cases of noun
In Albanian there are 5 cases.
Case of noun is called the forms of a noun in relation that it has with other words in the sentence.
1. Emërore – Nominative* Designation (it names the subject in a sentence)
2. Gjinore – Genitive* Description (it qualifies the word it modifies, possession)
3. Dhanore – Dative* Reception (it express the indirect object of the verb)
4. Kallzore – Accusative* Limitation (the action extends to and its limited to the object)
5. Rrjedhore – Ablative* Separation (is used after certain prepositions: prej-from, by).
1. Emërore – një mal / mal-i
2. Gjinore – i, e, të, së (një) mali / mal-it
3. Dhanore- një mal-i / mal-it
4. Kallëzore- një mal-i / mal-in
5. Rrjedhore- prej një mal-i / prej mal-it
In Genitive case we use articles: i, e, të, së to connect two nouns or a noun and an adjective.
Example: drejtori i shkollës (noun-noun); drejtori i ri ( noun-adjective)
The noun in Ablative case use also preposition: prej- from
Example: Fshatari vjen prej malit.
Declensions of noun
In Albanian there are 3 declensions.
The declension of the noun it depends from definite or indefinite form of the noun.
The first declension- includes nouns endings in – i in definite form, singular.
Example: libr-i, mësues- i, vëlla- i, gur- i
The second declension- includes nouns endings in – i in definite form, singular.
Example: shok-u, plak-u,
The third declension- includes nouns endings in – i or –ja in definite form, singular.
Example: tavolin-a, motr-a, fletor-ja
Listen to some Albanian nouns in this video lesson.
Nouns and words play a crucial role in Albanian, so they deserve special attention. If you are finished with Albanian Nouns, you may want to review the rest of the Albanian exercises. You can also get assistance to learn Albanian by contacting us.