Albanian Adjectives

Albanian Adjectives

Learn Albanian Adjectives with these useful sources along with a course about Adjectives, colors, forms, and styles… to improve your Albanian grammar. Focus your attention on the category and find the pattern that occurs when the phrase and word change positions. You should also take a look at the rest of our other trainings on Learn Albanian phrases.

Since Albanian Adjectives are part of everyday conversation, learning their structure is essential. Your proficiency in the Albanian language will improve the more you practice it. In order to understand the role of Adjectives within Albanian grammar, we must first understand what their function is. An Albanian adjective is a word that describes or changes another person or thing in a sentence

Grammar Tips:

While in English an adjective does not modify when the noun changes, in Albanian an adjective should agree the the noun in number and gender of it. For instance:

Masculine to feminine gender:

Ky është qeni im i vogël (This is my little dog) it becomes:
Kjo është pula ime e vogël (This is my little hen)

So we have the change of demonstrative pronouns “ky” – this (masc.) into  “kjo” – this (fem.), and from the possessive pronouns “im” – my (masc.) into: “ime” – my (fem.) in singular.
As you can see from the illustration above, the adjective comes after the noun and also requires the same gender with the noun (fem.)

Singular to Plural number form:

Kjo është shtëpia ime e bardhë (this is my white-colored house) it becomes:
Këto janë shtëpitë e mia të bardha (these are my white-colored houses).

As you can see from the illustration, the adjective arrives after the noun and also requires the plural form.

English Adjectives      Albanian Adjectives
Adjectives  Mbiemra
 a white car  një makinë e bardhë
 a high tree   një pemë e lartë
 an old book   një libër i vjetër
 the old  roof   çatia e vjetër
 a pretty girl    një vajzë e bukur


The Adjectives in Albanian have a sensible structure, as you can see from the illustration above. Look at the Albanian Adjectives above and see how they fit into the phrase.
Albanian adjectives are used as modifiers and confirm the gender and number of the noun associated with them, for example:

një dimër i ftohtë (masc. singular)- disa dimra të ftohta (masc. plural)- (a cold winter – (some) cold winters);
një dorë e ftohtë (fem. sing.) – disa dora të ftohta (pl. f.) – (a freezing hand – (some) freezing hands).

The adjectives in Albanian are usually associated with the connective articles, which are identified by the gender and the number of the noun. The connective articles of adjectives are: i / e / të / së and the connective article : / i / is was used before the adjective with a sing. and masc. noun indefinite or definite form, for e.g:

një djalë i mirë – djali i mirë (a good boy – the good boy)

A short list of Adjectives in Albanian.

The following is a list of Albanian adjectives, colors, and sizes. You will be able to add to your Albanian vocabulary a lot of very useful and essential words if you try to remember this list.

 English Adjectives Albanian Adjectives
 colors     ngjyra
 black  i zi (masc); e zezë (fem)
 blue    i kaltër (masc.);  e kaltër (fem.)
 gray  i hirtë (masc.); e hirtë (fem.)
 green i gjelbër (masc.); e gjelbër (fem.)
 orange ngjyrë portokalli
purple  i purpurtë (masc.); e purpurtë (fem.)
 red i kuq (masc); e kuqe (fem)
 white i bardhë (masc); e bardhë (masc)
 yellow i verdhë (masc); e verdhë (fem)


Below you can listen some adjectives in Albanian. Enjoy the rest of this lesson!